DAGHANI, Arnold

Arnold Daghani - Self Portrait

Arnold Daghani

1909-1985

Arnold Daghani was born in Suceava, Romania to a German-speaking Jewish family in what was then the borders of the Austro-Hungarian empire. He attended art school in Munich but returned to Romania and work at a publishing house. After escaping a Nazi concentration camp, Daghani painted prodigiously in Romania before emigration to Israel in 1959. He then lived in France 1961-70 and Switzerland 1970-77 before finally settling at Hove, Sussex in the UK.

Daghani – working in an expressionist style – felt an isolated figure artistically and much of his work, as a result of his experiences, dealt with darker subjects and feelings. Even so he did show in prestigious galleries, such as Leicester Galleries, London in its 1961 mixed show ‘Artists of Fame and Promise’, a solo show at Woodstock Gallery, London in 1961 plus a solo show at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA), London in 1970. Despite his perceived isolation, Daghani became increasingly well-known. In addition to exhibitions in Israel, France and Romania, later UK shows included “Arnold Daghani, A relentless spirit in art” at Brighton Polytechnic in 1984 and retrospectives at Barbican Centre and Ben Uri Art Gallery, London in 1992. A tour of his paintings opened in Zurich, Switzerland in 2004 before going on to Germany, Austria and Romania.

The University of Sussex holds the Daghani archives. His work is also held by the Ben Uri Art Gallery in London, the Albertina in Vienna, Yad Vashem in Jerusalem, and the National Gallery of Romania and the Museum of Modern Art in Bucharest. Guildford Cathedral exhibited Station of the Cross in 2014.

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DRECKI, Zbigniew

Zbigniew Drecki - Portrait of woman

Zbigniew Drecki

1922-1998

Zigniew Drecki was born in Warsaw and survived incarceration during the war in both Auschwitz and Buchenwald, eventually escaping from a train transporting him to Dachau. He moved to Britain, settling with an English wife in Exmouth in Devon. Largely self-taught, Drecki for some time ran a painting school in Exmouth but in later years he concentrated solely on his own art. Painting in a house he and his wife owned in Florida, in addition to his Devon home, Drecki’s artwork was vibrant, colourful and at times wildly imaginative – a stark contrast to the art produced by other camp survivors such as Arnold Daghani. He appears to have been concentrating on the positive and also pursued political projects aimed at encouraging world peace and philanthropy.

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EISLER, Georg

Georg Eisler - Nude

Georg Eisler

1928-1998

Georg Eisler was born in Vienna, son of the composer Hans Eisler. The family moved to England in 1939, settling in Manchester. Georg attended the Central High School, studied art at Stockport, Manchester and Salford schools of art and he was also taught by Oskar Kokoschka. Eisler had his first solo exhibition in Manchester in 1946 but returned to Vienna later that year. Deeply imbued in the Expressionist tradition, Eisler was elected president of the Succession from 1968-72, won numerous prizes and had a major retrospective in Graz in 1977. He travelled extensively, keeping up links with the UK, and one exhibition of cityscapes of Manchester titled ‘Landscape of Exile’ was shown at Manchester City Art Gallery in 1988.

 

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FARMER, Bernard

Bernard Farmer- abstract '63b

ARTIST BIOGRAPHY:

Bernard Farmer
1919-2002

Bernard Farmer was born and lived in London. He studied at Chelsea Polytechnic School of Art and showed with London Group, New Vision Centre, St Martin’s Gallery and Artist International Association. Solo exhibitions included the AIA in 1956, Heal’s Gallery in 1963 and 1964 and Angela Flowers Gallery 1982. He also exhibited in the provinces and abroad. Farmer said that “the more simple I can make an image the better I like it … The less can always expand in the mind, whereas more either constricts or becomes too much”. Farmer was co-organiser with Malcolm Hughes of Directions-Connections at AIA Gallery 1961, and had work reproduced in Frank Avray Wilson’s Art as Understanding, 1963. The painter Adrian Heath was a strong advocate of his work. A Farmer painting was included at Bede Gallery, Jarrow’s 1984 retrospective assessing the New Vision Gallery’s influence.

The critic Peter Davies said “Bernard Farmer’s collages contain the accidental jaggedness and random expressiveness of the most free-form post-war abstract painting. A lyrical and open interaction between form and space creates rhythmic movement of a musical, even jazzy kind, achieving modern art’s frequently declared intention to create visual analogies with the abstract yet palpable language of music.” John Davies Fine Paintings helped reawaken interest in Farmer’s work by showing examples in a mixed exhibition at The Gallery in Cork Street in 2005. The Katharine House Gallery in Marlborough also incuded Farmer in its ‘Modern British Collages’ show in July 2007 and ‘Modern British Art’ exhibition in 2009. Arts Council and Contemporary Arts Society hold examples, as do private collections in USA, Italy, Norway and Cyprus as well as UK.

 

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HORTON, Brian

Brian Horton - Valley Rich with Corn

Brian Horton

1933-

Brian Horton studied at Cheltenham College of Art. After a career in the City of London and as a picture restorer, he turned to full time painting. His main subjects are the English countryside and coast and his pictures have an ethereal, visionary quality. Horton’s main gallery has been Messum’s, which has given him a number of solo shows in recent years and included his work in its Twentieth Century British Art exhibition in 2005. Horton has also shown at the Royal Academy and the Royal Watercolour Society.

 

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JADUNATH, Anthony

Anthony Jadunath - Birds

Anthony Jadunath

1945-2009

Anthony Jadunath was born in Trinidad in 1945, his grandfather having moved there from India. A highly recognised ‘Outsider Artist’ in later life, Jadunath arrived in England aged nine and, following a difficult childhood, endured stints in several institutions. At age 15 he was confined to a psychiatric hospital and it was here that he started to see art as a release. He worked on building sites and factories to earn money in adult life but constantly painted and sculpted in his spare time; art was to become a deeply spiritual experience, unleashing forces deep within him. Red was Jadunath’s favourite colour in art, powerful and symbolic of suffering.

In 1967 Jadunath took part in his first exhibition at Fairfield Halls, Croydon and in the 1970s he began to work teaching art to children at the Barbican Centre and the People’s Gallery. After taking an etching course at Croydon Art School his work gained greater recognition; Victor Musgrave of Gallery One purchased twenty of his works for the Outsider Archive Collection which he set up with Monika Kinley in 1981. This was originally under the aegis of the Tate Gallery but was disbanded in 1998; some remnants, including two of Jadunath’s works, in 2010 found a permanent home in the Outsider Art Collection at the Whitworth Art Gallery in Manchester. His work was also included in England & Co’s major exhibition ‘Outsiders & Co’ in 1996.
He had a show in London in 2007 and a major exhibition in Liverpool from August to October 2008 as part of its European Capital of Culture Programme. His final solo show in 2009 was at New Art Exchange, Nottingham titled ‘Jadunath: RED’.

 

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JONES, Jo

Jo Jones - Gypsies applauding a dance at night

ARTIST BIOGRAPHY:

Jo Jones
1894-1989

Violet Madeline Josette Jones, or Jo Jones as she was usually known, was born in Knebworth in Hertfordshire. She began painting from an early age and, after using some prize money to fund a stay in Jamaica, she held a successful exhibition there in 1924 that then travelled to Chenil Galleries, Chelsea. She went on to study art in Paris and then attended Slade School in London. Although tutored by both Walter Sickert and Augustus John, her main influences were Bonnard and Matisse. In 1933 the director of the Tate Gallery, J B Manson, introduced her to Wildenstein Gallery which gave her her first major solo show in 1935. Manson wrote the introduction to the catalogue and the Contemporary Art Society, Augustus John, Sir William Rothenstein and a number of other major collectors all bought pictures. In 1938 she had a show at Galerie Zbrowski, Paris with another at Wildenstein in 1939. That year she moved to London, which was to remain her base, although she also had a cottage and studio in Long Bredy, Dorset. Subsequently she held several shows at the O’Hana Gallery, London and in Zurich and also exhibited at the Society of Women Artists.

Jones had four distinct periods as a painter; in Paris and London before the war, in Spain in the 1950s, Morocco in the 1960s and after that – although she retained her studio in Chelsea – mainly in Dorset with occasional visits abroad, especially to Vevey and Zurich. It was in the 1950s that she discovered the Sacro Monte gypsies in Granada, living and working amongst them for nine summers. A portrait of the flamenco dancer Mario Maya won her a substantial prize that she donated to the dancer to enable him to study in London. Pictures from this period are in the Gypsy Museum at Leeds University. Her work there formed the basis of the 1969 book The Gypsies of Granada with text by Augustus John, Laurie Lee and others. In 1963 Jones visited Morocco to draw the strange rock formations in the Tafrout Valley. Her work in Morocco in the was capped by a successful show in Rabat. A talented and very individual artist, Jones showed regularly in Britain, France and Switzerland, having a retrospective at Alpine Gallery 1985. The Michael Parkin Gallery had a memorial exhibition in 1992, as did Six Chapel Row, Bath in 1999. Her work is held in public collections in Switzerland, France and America as well as the UK and is held in many private collections in the US, Europe and elsewhere.

 

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LANZI, Francois

Francois Lanzi - Into the Blue

Francois Lanzi

1916-1988
Francois Lanzi was born in Corsica and studied art in Paris under Guillot de Raffaillac. A prisoner of war from 1940-45, he came to live in the UK in 1954 and exhibited at a number of London Galleries including Redfern Gallery 1957, Royal Society of British Artists Gallery 1959 & 1960, Savage Gallery 1961 and Royal Academy 1965. Lanzi also had a number of exhibitions at the Artists International Association (AIA) in Soho, notably a solo exhibition in April-May 1967. In addition he showed in the provinces, including Stone Gallery at Newcastle in 1961. A promising career was stymied by Lanzi becoming a virtual recluse from the 1960s, although he continued to paint and produce collages throughout his life at his Chiddingfold, Surrey home. A major retrospective was held in 1994 at The Gallery in Woking. Lanzi’s work was in the ICI collection and is in a number of private collections in Britain, France and the United States.

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MARTINEZ, Raymond

Raymond Martinez - Montefiascone

ARTIST BIOGRAPHY:

Raymond Martinez
1937-

Raymond Martinez was born in Barry, South Wales to mixed Spanish and Irish parentage. He studied at Cardiff College of Art 1955-59, then Slade School of Fine Art 1959-62. A 1962 Abbey Major scholarship took him to Rome where he then won a prestigious Gulbenkian Foundation Award in 1963. Whilst in Rome he joined the Lefevre Gallery in London, exhibiting there frequently over the next few years. He also had shows in Rome, Florence, Florida and Tokyo but took the decision relatively early in his career to withdraw from exhibiting in order to continue “investigating nature with no distractions”. Martinez continued to reside in Italy, moving to the Tuscan countryside. He broke his long-standing opposition to exhibitions with a spectacular solo show in 2009 at the Gallery in Cork Street, London. The Government Art Collection, Contemporary Art Society for Wales, Castle Museum Nottingham, CAMJAP in Lisbon and the Modern Museum of Art in Puerto Rico are amongst the public institutions holding his work. Private collectors included L.S.Lowry, David Niven and the Princess of Hesse amongst others.

 

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MELVILLE, John

http://redravenarts.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/MelvSleepers.jpg

ARTIST BIOGRAPHY:
John Melville
1902-1986

 

John Melville was born in London but moved in childhood to Birmingham where he remained until his death. Largely self-taught, Melville towards the end of the 1920s became associated with the Modern Group in Birmingham but by the early-1930s he and his brother, the noted art critic Robert Melville, were also connected with the Surrealists in London. Melville exhibited from the early 1930s at St George’s Gallery, Wertheim Gallery, Royal Society of Birmingham Artists (RBSA) and elsewhere. The Melvilles, along with Conroy Maddox, refused to take part in the 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition in London accusing it of showing too many artists they did not consider to be Surrealists. Nevertheless, by the late 1930s and early 1940s John was regularly featured in international shows of Surrealist and Dada art and in 1938 his works were banned from an exhibition in Birmingham by local councillors as being “detrimental to public sensibility”.

Melville’s reputation suffered after the interruption of the war years and a solo exhibition at Hanover Gallery, London in 1951 was both a commercial and critical failure. Although he taught for a time at Birmingham University, Melville retreated into isolation artistically and developed along his own strange path. His son Theo has described his works as having a “frightening quality”, showing “infinite regression, a kind of annihilation” and there being “an apocalyptic element” in his later work. But despite a large retrospective at the R.B.S.A. Galleries in Birmingham in 1967 and a solo show of watercolours and drawings at the University of Birmingham in 1969, he remained a largely neglected painter until his reputation revived with the fiftieth anniversary of the 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition. Mayor Gallery then included him in its major survey of British Surrealism, whilst Blond Fine Art had a solo retrospective show in 1986, Gothick Dream Fine Art a memorial exhibition in 1987 and the Westbourne Gallery another in 1996.

Even before this ‘revival’, Melville’s paintings had remained an important part of the Surrealist canon in Britain and had been shown in the Hayward Gallery’s 1978 exhibition ‘Dado and Surrealism Reviewed’ and Galleries 1900-2000 in Paris’s ‘Les Enfants d’Alice: La Peinture Surrealiste 1930-60 en Angleterre’ in 1982. Melville’s work is also held by the Ertegun and Filipacchi Surrealist collection (arguably the best Surrealist collection in the world) and was shown at the Guggenheim Museum in New York’s exhibition “Surrealism: Two Private Eyes” in 1999. His restoration to at least a certain level of prominence was confirmed when the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery held an exhibition in 2001 entitled “Surrealism in Birmingham” to celebrate Birmingham’s contribution to the avant-garde in the 20th Century, which concentrated on Melville, Conroy Maddox and Emmy Bridgewater. Later solo retrospectives include Millinery Gallery 2006.

 

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